Socialization occurs when your dog is exposed to everything he needs to live a happy, well-adjusted life. This process includes not only other animals, but other people and situations as well. Exposing your dog to this variety of instances can help develop confidence and help him feel relaxed in most environments.
The crucial time for socialization occurs between 3 and 12 weeks, this doesn’t mean that it stops there though. Socialization should occur throughout your dog’s life. Socialization should begin with a puppy class and then a basic obedience class. This allows your dog to be around other dogs as well as other people.
By continuing socialization throughout your dog’s life, you can avoid aggression problems that can arise later. A dog that is properly socialized who is then left to his own vices without many opportunities to interact with other dogs and other people may become aggressive and frustrated. Trips to the dog park, vet, store, etc. are all part of having a happy well socialized dog. So get out, have a little fun and some play time!